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Strategy and Implementation Plan of REDD+ MRV (Draft) (2012)
13 June 2012
size : 2014.84 KB


This document is particularly developed aiming  at: (1)  supporting President’s commitment to achieve 26 percent emission reduction by 2020 on the basis of business-as-usual (BAU) scenario; (2) following up Presidential Decree No. 19/2010 and Presidential Decree No. 25/2011 stipulating the development of MRV system by REDD+ Task Force; (3) providing support to the development of MRV system for REDD+ performance in Indonesia in such a way that the system meet the needs and respond to special condition challenge in Indonesia and meet the jointly-agreed international standard; (4) developing basic framework for efficient, effective, and sustainable MRV system implementation in Indonesia as required by Presidential Regulation No. 71/2011; (5) and, supporting the mandate of REDD+ National Strategy along with greenhouse national action plan (RAN GRK) from land-based sectors, greenhouse emission reduction from the same sector  which is supported by other funding resources.  The document is developed on the ground of analysis and synthesis of what has been achieved and done with reference to the existing and/or being communicated greenhouse emission report to get feedback from many parties. The document will be specialized to many parties that will have direct involvement in emission reduction activities. The document will also benefit decision makers as it will serve as the guidance of MRV system progress monitoring. The document is also useful for technical team that involve directly into greenhouse emission calculation and other environment services, including other players of other emission reduction activities. Measurement Reporting Verification (MRV) of GHG Inventory and RAN-GRK, RAD-GRK Mitigation Actions (NAMA) - Gap Analysis for Indonesia (2012)
15 March 2012
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The aims of the MRV Gap Analysis are to:   · Establish, based on current practices and available information, baseline or references for MRV requirements in GHG inventory, mitigation actions, and level of support received; · Identify and describe existing institutional arrangements, monitoring and evaluation systems, and current capacity to perform MRV in GHG inventory, mitigation actions, and level of support received in Indonesia; · Identify and describe the gaps, barriers, and challenges in MRV of GHG inventory, mitigation actions, and level of support received in Indonesia; and · Identify opportunities to enhance the MRV capabilities and propose options for interlinkages and synergies in existing systems for the preparation of Indonesia‟s future BUR. Presentation - Land Use Planning for Low Emission Development Strategy / LUWES (2011)
11 October 2011
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LUWES: *    a framework that helps local stakeholders to design a development planning that can reduce green house gas emission from land-based activity while still maintained economic growth *    offers a set of principles, steps and tools (including a Java-based software, ABACUS SP) to help multi-stakeholders to negotiate the land use plans by entertaining scenarios that can be developed together. Presentation - Methodology for Developing Baseline (2011)
04 October 2011
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    Outline: ·         REDD+ and NAMA ·         AFOLU emissions ·         Baseline at sub-national level ·         Tool: Land Use Planning for Low Emission Development Strategy (LUWES)   Call for Truth in Targets (2011)
15 August 2011
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  It is time for developed countries to get real about the real impact of land and forestry sector emissions on their economy wide emission reduction targets. Action in the Land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector can – and should - strengthen ambition in setting higher targets. Instead, current accounting rules, and proposed changes to them, actually improperly inflate the targets of Annex 1 Parties.   Develop Forest Carbon Standard & Carbon Accounting System for Small-scale Plantation Based on Local Experiences (2011)
15 July 2011
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The aim of the report are : 1. To develop standard method for carbon accounting in small-scale plantation based on local experiences 2. To determine carbon stock in teak and other tree species in small scale plantation 3. To determine carbon stock in coomunity forest, including certified forests in Java and Madura based on available data Strengthening Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) for REDD + (2011)
30 June 2011
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The paper is not prescriptive, but aims to explore issues and options, with the intent of generating discussion. The paper first explores technical issues related to the scope of REDD+ and the definition of forest. Section 3 focuses on the main principles for establishing RELs/RLs and especially on the issues of scale and timeframe. It also explores the nested approach or how to link the development of subnational RELs/RLs with national RELs/RLs, with challenges and critical Strengthening Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) for REDD+ 5 questions to guide negotiators. Section 4 provides guidance on thresholds in terms of which tier to choose based on IPCC guidelines, as well as which of the five IPCC carbon pools to include. Section 5 examines the capacity-building areas for a successful MRV system in terms of governance and institutional frameworks, participation of local stakeholders, enhancement of technical capacities and associated costs and required funding. Section 6 illustrates the issue of consistency between MRV for REDD+ and MRV for NAMAs using Indonesia as an example. The final section includes recommendations from the IISD and ASB-ICRAF REDD+ capacity-building workshops held in Douala, Cameroon, and Hanoi, Vietnam, in May 2011. Modalities for REDD+ Reference Levels -Technical and Procedural Issues (2011)
15 June 2011
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As part of the December, 2010 Cancun Agreements, the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) was asked to prepare modalities for REDD+ RLs for consideration by the seventeenth session of the Conference of Parties (COP) in December, 2011. In an effort to inform and support the SBSTA process, this report provides a description of the technical and procedural issues that will need to be addressed in developing those modalities. The report includes sections on basic terminology; fundamental principles; technical aspects including scope, historic emissions and removals, national circumstances, and eligibility for international compensation; procedural aspects including RL adoption, duration of validity, subnational RLs, related UNFCCC processes; and suggested next steps. National REDD+ Registries - An Overview of Issues & Design Options (2011)
15 May 2011
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Registries can help ensure confidence, integrity, transparency and efficiency of information relating to ERPs, and any units and / or payments issued for it. When designing REDD+ incentives, financing mechanisms and payment-based programs, registries will be required to play a key role ensuring that important information is captured, processed, stored, and accessible when required. This will help promote the credibility of REDD+ reductions and ensure that there is one aggregated and centralized repository of information to record and disclose this information. The report is organized into 4 sections. The first section is the introduction. The second section summarizes the findings of a number of interviews conducted to identify key features that a registry should contain. The third section introduces registries in general, explaining the value and basic infrastructure. Section 4 goes into more detail on national REDD+ registries, exploring different options for designing national REDD+ registries. Bad Influence - How McKinsey-Inspired Plans Lead to Rainforest Destruction (2011)
15 April 2011
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This Greenpeace report presents case studies on McKinsey’s influence on REDD+ plans for four forest nations – Papua New Guinea (PNG), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Indonesia and Guyana. The key findings include that: McKinsey’s advice does not, in any example studied by Greenpeace, lead to a cessation of deforestation or forest degradation. While McKinsey’s cost curve has been extremely influential in government policy decisions, it has a number of fundamental flaws. McKinsey’s approach provides an incentive to over-estimate projected future levels of deforestation.  McKinsey co-authored studies barely acknowledge governance issues within rainforest nations. McKinsey-inspired plans not only consistently fail to address the major drivers of deforestation, such as mining and logging, they actually reward the industries and interests that cause it. McKinsey promotes a methodology that effectively encourages its client governments to pursue an industry-orientated development path at whatever cost to wildlife. If followed, McKinsey’s advice will lead to an expansion of monoculture plantations into farmland and ecologically important non-forest lands. McKinsey – and its cost curve – systematically play down the environmental impact of industrial logging and deforestation for plantations. At the same time, it routinely exaggerates the destructive impact of smallholders and farmers. McKinsey’s advice has produced plans which have been criticized by funding institutions and are unfit for purpose. Guidelines for REDD+ Reference Levels - Principles and Recommendations (2011)
15 January 2011
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This report proposes guidelines for developing REDD+ reference levels (RLs) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It identifies principles that should be adhered to, the steps that must be taken, the data that will be required, and shows how the data can be analyzed to produce scientifically credible estimates of historic GHG emissions and removals from forests, which can then be used to project RLs. Monitoring - Reporting and Verification for National REDD+ Programmes - Two Proposals (2010)
22 December 2010
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Abstract: Different options have been suggested by Parties to the UNFCCC (United Framework Convention on Climate Change) for inclusion in national approaches to REDD and REDD+ (reduced deforestation, reduced degradation, enhancement of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forest, and conservation of forest carbon stocks). This paper proposes that from the practical and technical points of view of designing action for REDD and REDD+ at local and sub-national level, as well as from the point of view of the necessary MRV (monitoring, reporting and verification), these should be grouped into three categories: conservation, which is rewarded on the basis of no changes in forest stock, reduced deforestation, in which lowered rates of forest area loss are rewarded, and positive impacts on carbon stock changes in forests remaining forest, which includes reduced degradation, sustainable management of forest of various kinds, and forest enhancement. Thus we have moved degradation, which conventionally is grouped with deforestation, into the forest management group reported as areas remaining forest land, with which it has, in reality, and particularly as regards MRV, much more in common. Secondly, in the context of the fact that REDD/REDD+ is to take the form of a national or near-national approach, we argue that while systematic national monitoring is important, it may not be necessary for REDD/REDD+ activities, or for national MRV, to be started at equal levels of intensity all over the country. Rather, areas where interventions seem easiest to start may be targeted, and here data measurements may be more rigorous (Tier 3), for example based on stakeholder self-monitoring with independent verification, while in other, untreated areas, a lower level of monitoring may be pursued, at least in the first instance. Treated areas may be targeted for any of the three groups of activities (conservation, reduced deforestation, and positive impact on carbon stock increases in forest remaining forest). Developing Countries Monitoring and Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emission, Policies and Measures - Country Report Indonesia (2010)
15 December 2010
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This report begins with an introduction of the country’s circumstances relevant to the subject of monitoring and reporting of GHG emissions and mitigation policies and measures (MRV), followed by a discussion on how Indonesia’s current and planned activities further enables MRV and LEDS (chapter 3). The fourth chapter focuses on the main barriers to MRV and climate change mitigation. Finally chapter five gives a detailed overview of barriers and recommendations for capacity building for MRV and NAMAs/LEDS. McREDD - How McKinsey Cost-Curves are Distorting REDD (2010)
15 November 2010
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The carbon mitigation cost-curve, as used by McKinsey & Company, has become influential in national and international REDD policy making, but it is misleading for decision-makers. The approach is methodologically flawed as it excludes transaction and implementation costs, as well as the challenges of governance, and undervalues activities not integrated into formal markets, such as subsistence farming. The approach is flawed as a policy-making tool as it does not consider alternative policy options, and favours policy that would allow industrial uses of the forest to continue business-as-usual, whilst penalising subsistence activities. This is distorting national REDD plans. The use of the ‘top-down’ cost-curve approach has contributed to exclusive and opaque national REDD processes. These processes should be participatory, bottom-up and respectful of the rights of local communities and indigenous peoples in particular. Building the REDD+ Architecture for Sub-National Project Implementation in Indonesia (2010)
15 October 2010
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This paper examines some key issues that should be addressed during the design of a REDD+ program under the Letter of Intent. It specifically advocates the adoption of a nested, or hybrid accounting approach that allows climate gains from forest activities at the project level to be combined with those achieved from policy  interventions at the national level. Although the accounting is more complex, a nested approach takes advantage of the combined strengths of the entrepreneurial energy of projects supported by local communities, NGOs and project developers, with that of national policy actions, thus enabling larger and more rapid emission reductions.

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Payment Distribution
Deforestation and Degradation
Forest Management in Indonesia
Land Tenure
Carbon Accounting
Indonesia Actions
Governance Assesstment
Financing Options
Opportunity Cost
Regulation on REDD in Indonesia
Carbon Market
REDD Demonstration Sites
Indigenous People
UNFCCC Policy on Forest Emission
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Payment Distribution
Deforestation and Degradation
Forest Management in Indonesia
Land Tenure
Carbon Accounting
Indonesia Actions
Governance Assesstment
Financing Options
Opportunity Cost
Regulation on REDD in Indonesia
Carbon Market
REDD Demonstration Sites
Indigenous People
UNFCCC Policy on Forest Emission
Remote Survey