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Climate Finance Readiness - Lessons Learned in Developing Countries (2012)
15 July 2012
size : 4865.58 KB


In essence, the authors argue in this document that a climate finance readiness process presents 5 key components to be considered by governments: planning process, national climate change strategy, functions of a financial architecture, form of a financial architecture, and the financial mechanism and vehicles/windows. The authors purpose is to contribute to the creation of a common understanding of key elements to be considered when designing and implementing in-country financial architectures. By learning from what recipient countries currently have in place, we can enhance the efficiency and transparency of climate finance mechanisms and the consequent implementation of action. At a higher level, this paper also aims to provide a clear set of findings for use by donor  countries and agencies which currently recognize the increasing importance of providing support to recipient countries on climate finance readiness efforts. The authors also selected Indonesia to expand the sample of countries beyond Latin America, and in recognition of interesting developments on integration of their climate change strategy into core national fiscal frameworks, and through it, into their national development planning. 2012 Study on Forest Financing (2012)
15 June 2012
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    At the 9 th Session of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF9) in 2011, Member States Resolution specifically requested the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF) to expand the 2008 forest finance paper, which at the time represented the latest international information on forest finance, and incorporate the following into an updated document:   • ‘an analysis of the gaps in and opportunities for forest-related financing, addressing climate change, biological diversity, sustainable land and forest management, land degradation and desertification and financial resources associated with the Forest Law Enforcement and Governance process, as well as transfer of environmentally sound technology and capacity building’; • ‘the implications of the new and emerging forest-related financing initiatives related to the Rio Conventions’; and • ‘identification of the barriers for access to financing and suggestions on ways to simplify relevant procedures and remove such barriers’. The present study delves into these issues to provide a rich resource OLI participants can use ast he basis for discussion. The paper shows how countries have worked to expand forest finance using ODA and various country-level sources and have tapped into new funding including for REDD+. The study also reflects the related work of several CPF members on forest finance. As a result of this study, countries will now have substantial information to create more strategic, harmonized and accessible funding for forests. Financing Options to Support REDD+ Activities - Based on A Review of The Literature (2012)
15 April 2012
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The purpose of this report is to review key messages from relevant literature in order to support the European Commission in analysing the impacts of long term financing options for REDD+ on the overall effectiveness, efficiency (in terms of minimising costs and leveraging private-sector involvement) and equity of the mechanism. Improving The Effectiveness of Climate Finance: Key Lessons (2011)
23 November 2011
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This paper presents an overview of existing practices by summarizing the findings from an extensive survey of various institutions, drawing on the lessons learned from development finance, the public and private activities of international financial institutions and experience with market-based instruments. The paper mainly focuses on mitigation, and it seeks to discern lessons for policymakers by addressing two key questions: What makes climate finance effective? and what tools, methods or systems might improve the effectiveness of climate finance? Blending Climate Finance Through National Climate Funds (GUIDEBOOK) - 2011
15 September 2011
size : 1158.32 KB


This guidebook is part of a series of practical guidance documents and toolkits to support national and sub-national governments to achieve low-emission, climate-resilient development. It provides information based on UNDP’s decades of experience in delivering climate change programming in order to help countries design and establish an National Climate Fund (NCF) that is tailored to their priorities and builds on existing governance, policy and fiscal frameworks and systems. The guidebook is divided into three parts. Chapter 1 provides an overview of NCFs, including the basic goals and functions. Chapter 2 provides a process for designing an NCF, including identifying the objectives, capitalization, governance, fiduciary management, implementation arrangements and monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) structures and systems. Each of these components is accompanied by a series of targeted questions that facilitates decision-making for that component. Chapter 2 also describes UNDP’s approach for consolidating stakeholder input by creating a term sheet. Chapter 3 describes UNDP’s management and advisory services, and the implementation assistance offered by UNDP. Chapter 4 provides a conclusion and Chapter 5 presents five sample term sheets. The Annex includes a glossary and list of useful resources and websites. Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) - Indonesia Towards a Low Carbon Economy and Enhance Resilience to Climate Change (2011)
15 June 2011
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The Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) is a national facility linking international finance sources with national investment strategies. It acts as a catalyst to attract investment and to implement a range of alternative financing mechanisms for climate change mitigation and adaptation programmes. The Trust Fund was launched in September 2009 and began to fund three pilot projects in September 2010, indicating the start of operation. The ICCTF is administered by Indonesia’s National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS), with UNDP currently serving as the interim Fund Manager until a National Fund Manager is appointed. Climate Finance in Indonesia:Lessons for the Future of Public Finance for Climate Change Mitigation (2011)
15 February 2011
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The study provides a snapshot of climate finance in Indonesia and offers lessons regarding the effectiveness of international support for climate change at the national level. Lessons can then be applied in the future for international development cooperation in terms of providing finance to address climate change. Design of a Funding Instrument for REDD+ Indonesia (2011)
02 February 2011
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The document covers Institutional Design Options, Institutional Design & Process Flow Proposal, Investment Projects and Specific Institutional Needs. Report for the Conservation Finance Alliance - National REDD+ Funding Frameworks and Achieving REDD+ Readiness - Findings from Consultation (2010)
15 June 2010
size : 1866.34 KB


    In 2010, in-person and telephone based interviews were carried out by PwC with stakeholder representatives from government, civil society, academia and the private sector in six countries: Brazil, Cambodia, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Indonesia, Madagascar and Peru to provide a national level perspective on how REDD+ funding is being managed now and how it could be managed in the future. Interviewees were asked to complete a ‘stakeholder map’, then answer questions on existing and projected REDD+ funding management at a national, sub-national and project level. The analysis of these interviews, supplemented with desk based research, are presented in six case study reports in this report. These country reports are based on data collected from February to August 2010 and as such may not capture the most recent REDD+ policy changes and project development. The specific objectives of the six in-depth case study country reports are to: •     Determine the current REDD+ funding flows from international sources to the national and project level, including the identification of existing national and sub-national funding structures which manage and deliver REDD+ funding. •     Investigate the barriers to achieving a scalable, equitable, effective and efficient REDD+ funding structure able to distribute and manage the relevant portion of the $4.5 bn in Fast Start funding. •     Identify alternative funding models that could be used by funders in the future (national governments, multilateral organisations and others) to both distribute and manage the $4.5 bn Fast Start funding and the financial flows likely when REDD+ activities are funded through a market mechanism. Ministry of Finance Green Paper - Economic and Fiscal Policy Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation in Indonesia (2009)
30 December 2009
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The Green Paper identifies economic and fiscal policy strategies for climate change mitigation - that is, reducing emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases - and how to do this in the most cost effective way. It lays out strategies for the Ministry of Finance for efficient and effective policies, both in the short term and the long term. The paper is grounded in economic principles, and applies emerging international experience to Indonesia's circumstances. Options for Near Term Financing for REDD (2009)
24 September 2009
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REDD Funding needs will increase over time and vary in nature. In the short term, interim funding is needed for readiness (phase one) and capacity reforms and investment (phase two). Over time, substantial, and substantially increasing funds will be needed. In addition, a critically important characteristic is the certainty/predictability of continued funding. The Forest Dialogue (TFD) Investing in REDD-plus - Executive Summary of The Forests Dialogue Consensus (2009)
15 September 2009
size : 105.32 KB


These dialogues produced a consensus on financing for REDD-plus, including 26 recommendations which, if taken up, will ensure the integrity of REDD-plus as a mechanism for combating climate change through REDD and the conservation and sustainable management of forests. The 26 recommendations are presented in full. Accelerating Transfers of Interim Finance for REDD+ : Options for Early Market Involvement (2009)
15 August 2009
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In March 2009, a report commissioned by the Government of Norway (referred here as the‘Meridian Report’) was published to contribute to the policy development process related to the inclusion of a mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in a post-2012 regime under the UNFCCC (UN Framework Conventionon Climate Change). Using this report as a starting point, a series of practical implementation points have been identified that requires further work. In particular, two of the areas requiring greater attention are the issues of the absorptive capacity of the Rainforest Nations to utilise any additional funding raised, and the issue of opportunities for early market involvement. This is one of two reports commissioned by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) to provide further input on these topics. Financing REDD - Meshing Markets With Government Funds (2009)
15 March 2009
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With REDD, local communities can be rewarded for conserving their forests, so the approach works for poverty alleviation as well as emissions reduction. Evidence is showing that REDD is simple and workable. Funding is an altogether more complex issue, however. Looking at the roles of market and government, is a combined approach to financing REDD feasible? Driving Private Capital to Conserve Tropical Forests: Current Frameworks & Policy Ideas (2009)
04 March 2009
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This paper addresses private tropical forest conservation finance by exploring two topics: 1. The spectrum of private capital instruments for saving forests, and 2. Policy steps to make these tools more successful at saving tropical forests in the near term.

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Documents by Subject


Payment Distribution
Deforestation and Degradation
Forest Management in Indonesia
Land Tenure
Carbon Accounting
Indonesia Actions
Governance Assesstment
Financing Options
Opportunity Cost
Regulation on REDD in Indonesia
Carbon Market
REDD Demonstration Sites
Indigenous People
UNFCCC Policy on Forest Emission
Remote Survey

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Payment Distribution
Deforestation and Degradation
Forest Management in Indonesia
Land Tenure
Carbon Accounting
Indonesia Actions
Governance Assesstment
Financing Options
Opportunity Cost
Regulation on REDD in Indonesia
Carbon Market
REDD Demonstration Sites
Indigenous People
UNFCCC Policy on Forest Emission
Remote Survey