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UNFCCC and Indonesia REDD+ Policy

UNFCCC and Indonesia REDD+ Policy

Globally, deforestation accounts for up to 18% of greenhouse gas emissions, or about 5.8 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent released into the atmosphere, each year. This is more than global transport and aviation combined.1 According to the Stern Review, reducing deforestation is the “single largest opportunity for cost-effective and immediate reductions of carbon emissions”. 2 This is where REDD – otherwise known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation – comes in. REDD is the idea of creating an international framework to halt deforestation. In addition, the mechanism could help fight poverty while conserving biodiversity and sustaining vital ecosystem services. Exactly what REDD is defined as, and what the elements of the framework will be, is scheduled to be decided at the forthcoming UNFCCC Conference(s) of the Parties.

UNFCCC Policy on Forest Emission


Deforestation and forest degradation are the second leading cause of global warming.  They account for about 20 percent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and over a third of emissions from developing countries. Currently no regulatory instrument exists under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to compensate reductions in emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) in the form of carbon payments. However, the Parties to the UNFCCC are discussing the possibility of creating such an instrument in the future.

The UNFCCC’s goal is “to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of GHG at a level that would prevent human-induced actions from leading to ’dangerous interference’ with the global climate system”. The inclusion of positive incentives for REDD in any future international climate regime would provide the opportunity for developing nations to participate in global efforts towards climate change mitigation while promoting sustainable economic development. 


Indonesia Actions

As one of the leading forested country, Indonesia’s REDD+ development has brought opportunity for institutional and regulatory milestone toward a inter-agency collaboration beyond the forestry sector. A number of pilot projects are growing and some international funding are in place to respond to this commitment.

Regulatory Framework in Indonesia

Several regulations have been developed to provide an umbrella for REDD+ implementation in Indonesia. These regulations provide guidelines for REDD+ demonstration activities, accessing carbon markets, benefit sharing, monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) and calculating carbon content. 

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UNFCCC and Indonesia REDD+ Policy

State of Indonesian Forest

Forest Cover & Carbon Stock Change Measurements

REDD Supply Chain